What is bird flu? What are the causes of bird flu and its risk factors?

Bird Flu, avian influenza, causes of birdflu, symptoms of birdflu, birdflu risks
Bird Flu

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Avian influenza or bird flu is a viral flu or infection that not necessarily taints the birds alone, but even most of the animals and humans also could not escape the grip of which. There are many forms of several communicable diseases; the typical form of bird flu is known to be H5N1. If one comes in contact with the bearer of this malady, then there is the high possibility of that person or animal getting infected by it.

Though the name “bird flu” seems to be an ailment found in animals only, according to the World Health Organisation, in 1997, the avian influenza was firstly discovered in humans. In the present scenario, H5N1 is found popularly among the animals.

Symptoms of bird flu

Notice, the system it speaks a lot
Notice, the system speaks a lot

Photo credit: Animal Picture 

The syndrome of bird flu is not distinct to any other type of flu. People often tend to misconstrue the symptoms assuming it to one common illness or indisposition. The irregular and irrelevant timings of the infection are to be taken seriously and most likely, the bird flu does not care about the weather or climates, it might happen at any moment and could start from any place.

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The most natural signs or symptoms could be a runny nose, high fever, coughing, sore throat, headaches, body or muscle aches, diarrhea, nausea, shortness of breathing and malaise. If there is a hype of H5N1 in your areas or locality or town itself and you triggered all these symptoms, then it is better to go for the immediate treatments.

Causes of bird flu

If you know the cause of it, you are half way towards the well-being.
If you know the cause of it, you are halfway towards the well-being.

Photo credit: Apollo Hospitals

As we already know that out of various breed of bird flu, the first that caught humans were H5N1 reason associated with the taking charge of poultry. Thus, commonly, people getting exposed or conducting poultry farming are damaged by it.

Generally, in wild waterfall, avian influenza occurs, but it takes no time to spread in domestic poultry as well. There are several myths and facts about bird flu and how it gets transmitted. Out of the several facts, the direct human contacts with the infected bird or nasal/mouth secretions lead to the disease.

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Though, the scientific research claims that properly cooked meats or eggs do not transmit the ailments, but no one should take the risk though. It is rather advisable to not to consume meats or eggs from the infected animals.

Risk factors

Identify the risk factors and save yourself
Identify the risk factors and save yourself

Photo credit: Unicef 

The birds infected with the virus continue to discharge or spread the germs in their saliva and excreta for a maximum of ten days. One needs to be aware of the contamination. If you happen to be in regular contact with the following, then there is a high chance of you being getting prone to N5H1.

  • A member or a friend infected.
  • Poultry workers.
  • People, visiting the affected regions.
  • Individuals, consuming undercooked poultry items.
  • People, working as a veterinary.

Is avian influenza curable?

But you can prevent yourself considering the above points
But you can prevent yourself from considering the above points

Photo credit: Ytimag

As we know that “prevention is better than cure.” It is even more commendable to not to get around the areas or to avoid the regions where the bird flu has grasped certain species or even humans. We can look into the risk factors and consider which places and people to avoid. Never take a chance by eating the poultry products if you already know that the region is already infected.

The antiviral medication and intensive support care might be a help too. The timely vaccinations to healthy birds and chickens control the spreading viruses as well. According to experts, there are no any commercial or endorsed vaccinations for humans suffering from avian influenza, but they also claim that in 2007, the first vaccine was introduced in USA licensed by FDA for people with the age group ranging from 18 to 64 years.

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There is nothing like small or huge transferable affliction. We get serious about some virus or ailing element only when it becomes a talk of the town like Ebola, swine flu, bird flu and much more. We humans do have senses and mind to operate logically unlike those infected and poor animals. So, we need to keep ourselves updated about the diseases we human beings are prone to and might be affected anytime in the future.

The other loophole of human nature is adopting a healthy lifestyle or food habits only after something terrible hits their well-being. So, one should not challenge their immunity and should be knowledgeable about the viruses and flu that threatens their health and quality of life.